STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:
Tourism has boomed in the U.S. this summer as vaccinations spread and the pandemic eased for a while. And that is especially true at tourist spots that keep people safely outdoors. Now communities that succeeded in drawing in tourists have to deal with all the tourists.
NPR's Kirk Siegler reports from Moab, Utah.
KIRK SIEGLER, BYLINE: Most mornings by about 8 a.m., the gates at Arches National Park close because all the parking lots are full. So many tourists then spill out onto the surrounding federal public lands, those red rock canyons and river-cut gorges that put Moab on the map as an adventure tourism destination.
(SOUNDBITE OF RUSHING WATER, PEOPLE YELLING)
SIEGLER: This swimming hole along the Federal Bureau of Land Management trail east of town is usually a pretty quiet spot.
SID TRIVEDI: We jump. It's pretty deep here. All the kids did it except the older ladies.
UNIDENTIFIED PERSON: (Laughter).
SIEGLER: In the summer of 2021, people are flocking to the rural West's vast wildlands in record numbers, eager to forget the 2020 lockdowns.
TRIVEDI: Everybody's stuck in the house. They all want to get out and have a blast.
SIEGLER: Sid Trivedi and his family heard about these swimming holes from the guide company they rented ATVs from. They're visiting from Indiana.
TRIVEDI: It's crowded. Yeah - a lot of people here. It's been expanded. I came here six years ago. It wasn't crowded. In six years, it's just turned into a really big crowded now. But it's fun.
SIEGLER: But locals will give you an earful that their favorite secret stashes like this are being overrun. Town is clogged with noisy off-road vehicles. Second homeowners are pricing out the locals in an already tight housing market. Businesses don't have enough workers. And then there's the camping everywhere, even if it's posted as off-limits.
Mary McGann chairs the Grand County Commission.
MARY MCGANN: We're having a lot of fire rings, with human waste. We've even gotten pictures of campers dumping their sewage right there.
SIEGLER: Moab was once held up as a national model for how to reinvent your economy based on tourism and recreation. When McGann first moved here as a little girl in the 1950s, Moab was a sleepy uranium mining town. That all went bust by the late 1980s.
MCGANN: We moved towards tourism. And that - you know, we were excited about it. We thought tourism won't have the environmental impact that mining has. In hindsight, I think tourism now is having more of a negative environmental impact on our surrounding areas.
SIEGLER: And leaders like McGann and Moab's mayor, Emily Niehaus, are asking the question, are we promoting ourselves too much?
EMILY NIEHAUS: It's a good problem to have, especially coming out of a pandemic and, you know, a couple of months of no income for a lot of folks. It's a good problem. But it's still a problem.
SIEGLER: Some blame a Utah law that requires towns like this to spend most of their hotel tax money on marketing to bring more tourists to town. But this year, local leaders did convince the state to give them more flexibility to use some of this money to pay for tourist impacts. They're also pressuring the National Park Service to put a reservation system in place at Arches. But one of the biggest complaints you hear is that there's hardly any enforcement of environmental rules on the federal public lands. There are only three law enforcement rangers patrolling this wild area larger than Delaware.
KERRY KELLY: Basically, any flat spot on a busy weekend, people are camped there, even if you see - they're right next to the no-camping sign.
SIEGLER: Kerry Kelly started speaking out in June after an illegal campfire ignited a wildfire. It destroyed her home and three others between Moab and the La Sal Mountains. There was a fire ban at the time. But, Kelly says, many new visitors are coming with little knowledge about nature.
KELLY: People that grow up in the West know that it would be a really bad idea to do that, and it's prohibited. On the other hand, you might come from an area of the country that is much less flammable. And you might not really understand that.
SIEGLER: Kelly says, it's time for towns like this to put the brakes on marketing and put more money into educating their guests and infrastructure to support their locals.
Kirk Siegler, NPR News, Moab, Utah.
(SOUNDBITE OF ELLIOTT SMITH'S "KIWI MADDOG 20/20")
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