LIANE HANSEN, host:
As we just heard, the earthquake in Haiti brought an outpouring of charitable giving this year. Americans came up with about $1.8 billion to help the victims - a philanthropic bright spot in an otherwise lackluster year.
Charities say they're still feeling the effects of the recession on donations. But some say that things are starting ever so slightly to turn around. NPR's Pam Fessler has more.
PAM FESSLER: The Salvation Army's red kettle bell ringers were out in full force again this year, collecting spare change from holiday shoppers.
(Soundbite of bell ringing)
Unidentified Man #1: Merry Christmas, sir.
Unidentified Man #2: OK. Merry Christmas to you.
FESSLER: And the charitable group hopes the campaign has raised at least as much money as it did last year: a record $139 million. National spokesman Major George Hood says donations overall to the Salvation Army have been down about 8 percent for much of the year and funds are sorely needed for the group's programs to help the disadvantaged.
Major GEORGE HOOD (Spokesman, Salvation Army): The third year of a recession seems to us to have been the one that's hit us the hardest. And I just think the drudgery and the burden of this long economic recovery that we've been in has caused people to really stop giving.
FESSLER: But in recent days Hood has started to see some positive signs. And he thinks maybe 2010 won't be so bad after all.
Maj. HOOD: I noticed that retail sales are up and from the reports that we're getting from our field units across the country, we're holding our own.
Ms. UNA OSILI (Center on Philanthropy, Indiana University): It does seem like there has been a slight turnaround in giving so far this year.
FESSLER: Una Osili is with the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University. She says in a recent survey more than a third of nonprofits said donations had increased during the first nine months of this year. It's still a minority, but a lot better than the 23 percent that saw an increase during the same time last year. And in another sign of optimism, almost half of the charities surveyed plan to increase their budgets in 2011.
Ms. OSILI: What's also interesting, though, is that the demands for the services that nonprofits provide has increased as well. So, whether nonprofits, you know, will have enough resources to meet those needs I think is still something that we have to look at going forward.
FESSLER: And that's why many charities were so busy this year looking for new ways to raise money. Many were inspired by the hugely successful campaign of the American Red Cross to raise funds for Haiti quickly using mobile phone text messaging. That campaign drew more than $32 million in mostly $10 donations, to the surprise of almost everyone.
Major Hood says the Salvation Army now allows donors to text contributions to the red kettle campaign on their mobile phones. There's also a virtual red kettle, where supporters who might not want to deal with the cold and rain can do their bell ringing online.
Maj. HOOD: We've pretty much gone digital. And we're being much more hip than we used to be.
FESSLER: That's because the Salvation Army, like most nonprofits, is trying to attract a new generation of donors. Even if it doesn't pay off right away, Hood says he's optimistic about 2011. He thinks people are in a better mood and are willing to spend more, and that the new tax-cut package approved by Congress can only help.
Melissa Berman, president of Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, which works with individual and corporate donors, also senses a change as the new year approaches.
Ms. MELISSA BERMAN (President, Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors): Because I think it looks like the economy is on an upswing that people have faith in. The persistent problem is going to continue to be unemployment.
FESSLER: But even that, she thinks, could inspire those who do have jobs to give more to charity next year, so they can help those around them who are still in need.
Pam Fessler, NPR News, Washington.
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