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If election results were disappointing for Republicans nationally, they were devastating in California. It wasn't just President Obama's 21-point margin of victory there. California Democrats also gained four seats in Congress and will have two-thirds majorities in both houses of the state legislature. As NPR's Ina Jaffe reports, the struggle for California Republicans began long before last week's election.
INA JAFFE, BYLINE: Republicans have made history in California. There was the Reagan revolution and Proposition 13, known as the taxpayers' revolt. But just before this election, California Republicans made history of a different sort. Dan Schnur, head of the Jesse Unruh Institute of Politics at the University of Southern California, says it wasn't the kind of history anyone would brag about.
DAN SCHNUR: When one of the two major parties sees its voter registration dip below 30 percent, that ought to be a warning sign that Election Day is not going to go particularly well.
JAFFE: Yes, that's right, just 29.4 percent of California voters are now registered Republicans. Meanwhile, a growing number of all voters in California are Latino - now more than one-fifth of the electorate. In the past couple of elections, Latinos around the country voted roughly two to one for Democrats. But in California, Latinos have been fleeing the Republican Party since this ad ran in 1994.
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UNIDENTIFIED MAN: They keep coming: two million illegal immigrants in California. The federal government won't stop them at the border.
JAFFE: Then-Republican Governor Pete Wilson hitched his reelection campaign to Proposition 187, which denied public services for undocumented immigrants. That included banning children from public schools. And even though Prop 187 was thrown out by the courts...
RAPHAEL SONENSHEIN: The bill is coming due.
JAFFE: Says Raphael Sonenshein, executive director of the Pat Brown Institute of Public Affairs at Cal State University L.A.
SONENSHEIN: This has mobilized vast numbers of Latino voters. And now they're really pouring to the polls.
JAFFE: The growing Latino vote definitely got the attention of Republicans on the national stage. Last Sunday on CBS "Face the Nation," South Carolina Senator Lindsey Graham said the GOP must change its tune on immigration reform or risk further losses in the nation's fastest-growing voter group.
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SENATOR LINDSEY GRAHAM: We have nobody to blame but ourselves when it come to losing Hispanics, and we can get them back with some effort on our part.
JAFFE: Graham proposed immigration reform that included a path to citizenship. But California Republicans may not embrace that shift in policy. Ron Nehring is a GOP strategist who was chairman of the state Republican Party until this year.
RON NEHRING: That's seen by many folks as rewarding people who've cheated the system at the expense of people who've gone through system legally.
JAFFE: Reaching out to Latinos won't, by itself, stem the Republicans decline in California. Dan Schnur says they face other demographic challenges.
SCHNUR: An electorate that is younger, an electorate that is more single, an electorate that is more urban. Each of these constituencies have favored democratic candidates in the past.
JAFFE: So much so that in California, Republican is now a toxic label, says Raphael Sonenshein.
SONENSHEIN: And some Republicans are now reregistering as independents to run for office simply not to have the word Republican next to their name.
JAFFE: Schnur believes the GOP will not allow this to a happen on a national level.
SCHNUR: And if national Republicans begin to rethink their outreach to some of these voting communities, then maybe that drags California Republicans along with them, as well.
JAFFE: And prevents California from once again being a national trendsetter.
Ina Jaffe, NPR News.
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