DAVID GREENE, HOST:
I don't need to tell you that summer is almost over. Tourists are still flocking to beach resorts trying to wring whatever final moments they can out of the season. And many seaside towns are also attracting musicians, jugglers and costumed characters who work the boardwalks for tips. Among them is Ocean City, Maryland, which is grappling with an influx of a new kind of performer. They're causing some controversy as Bryan Russo reports.
BRYAN RUSSO, BYLINE: It's a hot summer night and the Ocean City boardwalk is packed with tourists and with street performers. Ocean City police lieutenant Marc Pacini is in charge of patrolling the boardwalk. And right now, he's standing face-to-face with Donald Duck.
LIEUTENANT MARC PACINI: You need to take it off. I need to speak with you.
RUSSO: The person under the mask is a 16-year-old girl. He stopped her because she was standing on the property of a popular hot dog stand, which is a violation of what's left of the town's law concerning street performers.
PACINI: If you don't have a driver's license in any state - who are you looking at?
UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: I work here.
PACINI: You work for them? Are they paying you to be out here? They are? Who's paying you to be out here? Ma'am? Oh OK, we'll go with you.
RUSSO: Pacini and I follow the girl and a night manager at the hot dog stand into a back room. The manager confesses that the costume belongs to the store's owner. And he's hired the girl on an hourly wage to stand in front of the store and draw attention.
PACINI: Here's what I'm going to tell you guys, all right, this is a violation of city ordinance. He's severely in violation of his business license to have someone working on the boardwalk, paying them and then collecting the money. So I would discuss that with him. Your performance is over. I'm asking you to cease and desist. If I see you out here again in this instance, I will give you a citation up to $1000. Are we clear?
RUSSO: Costume performers are everywhere on the boardwalk these days. Basically, kids can pose for a photo with SpongeBob SquarePants or Olaf the Snowman and then their parents are expected to leave a tip. On this night, there are at least three of these costume characters for every guitarist, magician or caricature artist working here. Pacini says the city basically had to do away with its permitting process since losing court battles brought by two street performers in recent years. Since then, he says, it's like open season - there's even a pole dancer performing for the crowds these days. Pacini says the city's hands are essentially tied. Dan is an escape artist, who performs Houdini-esque routines on the boardwalk. He says he's not a fan of the costume characters.
DAN: Not at all. The skeleton pirate - he makes his own stuff - that's his art - everything he does - she's playing her violin, he juggles. I mean, but there's costumes out there that just stand there for tips.
RUSSO: And the costume characters are adding to the strain of an already poor relationship between buskers and business owners. Pacini says some boardwalk merchants, like the hot dog stand owner, are taking matters into their own hands.
PACINI: They believe the merchants are getting a raw deal. They're very upset that a person that doesn't have to pay rent, doesn't have to pay licensing fees, doesn't have to pay any of that, is able to be out here and collect money.
RUSSO: So they're doing it themselves?
PACINI: That's correct.
RUSSO: Other businesses on the boardwalk are now getting in on the trend and making fast cash by hiring people to wear costumes on the public Boardwalk, which is illegal. And when hundreds of thousands of people are walking up and down the famous wooden walkway each week, you can imagine how quickly the tip buckets fill up. There's still plenty of people working independently, with or without costumes, for instance, the pole dancer. Her story grabbed national headlines. And now the city is looking into hiring a First Amendment rights lawyer for advice about what to do. Bill Hassay Jr. is a boardwalk violinist who challenged the town of Ocean City over its noise ordinance and won a battle in court last year. He says the city should leave the pole dancer alone.
BILL HASSAY JR.: You have people walking up and down the boardwalk all the time in very skimpy bathing suits. That one happens to dance with a bucket in front of them - I don't see why that's such a big deal.
RUSSO: There are plenty of people who disagree. And while the town wrestles with the issues, it's apparent the court decisions which protected street performers rights to showcase their talents and be paid for it, have perhaps altered the definition of what busking is. Here in Ocean City, busking is becoming less about art and a tip bucket. Sometimes it's just a business, looking for a little tax-free revenue. And the money is enough to make jaded merchants out to make a quick buck pose as artists, or at the very least, your kids favorite cartoon character. For NPR News, I'm Bryan Russo.
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