MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:
Abortion was among the controversial issues that came up on state ballots this week. Two abortion related measures were soundly defeated. A third passed easily. And those favoring restrictions on abortion will have a much bigger voice in the new Congress. NPR's Jennifer Ludden checked in with activists on both sides of the issue.
JENNIFER LUDDEN, BYLINE: First, the ballot defeats. In North Dakota and Colorado, voters rejected 2 to 1 so-called personhood measures to give legal rights to fetuses. Elizabeth Nash is with the Guttmacher Institute, a think tank that supports abortion rights. She hopes this is the final nail in the coffin.
ELIZABETH NASH: We've now had fetal personhood be rejected five times in three states. The public is not amenable to this idea that a fetus is a person starting at fertilization.
JENNIFER MASON: We were outspent 1,300 to 1 in Colorado and still managed to increase the vote by six points at least.
LUDDEN: Jennifer Mason is with Personhood USA, the group behind the measures. She says there's no giving up. Despite the losses, she sees her opponents on the defensive.
MASON: Some of the comments they've been making indicate to us that they're a little scared to have to keep spending so much money to promote their misinformation in order to beat us at the polls.
LUDDEN: Mason insists personhood measures would not, as critics claim, effectively bans some kinds of contraception and fertility treatments. But for now, that fight remains theoretical. In Tennessee, those seeking to restrict abortion had a big win. Voters approved amendment one which declares that the state Constitution does not include a right to abortion or funding for it.
DAN MCCONCHIE: This is an important step because this was the people essentially taking back the right to govern themselves on this particular issue.
LUDDEN: Dan McConchie is with Americans United for Life. He says the Tennessee measure was a reaction to a state Supreme Court ruling in 2000. Justices declared there was a constitutional right to abortion and overturned a string of regulations limiting access. Now McConchie says lawmakers can again pass those restrictions and more.
MCCONCHIE: I think that you're going to see legislators look at health and safety standards requirements for admitting privileges. I think you're going to see them looking at regulation of abortion inducing drugs.
LUDDEN: The Guttmacher Institute's Elizabeth Nash says all that would have wide impact. Those same kinds of policies, she says, have severely restricted access to abortion across the South which is why a quarter of abortions in Tennessee are for women from neighboring states. Nash also worries about the precedent.
NASH: Other states are probably going to look at what Tennessee did and see if this is a way for them to weaken abortion-rights.
LUDDEN: Beyond state ballots, the Republican majority in Congress will now include more lawmakers who support restricting abortion. Though, Illyse Hogue of NARAL Pro-Choice America sees a silver lining.
ILLYSE HOGUE: A number of those anti-choice GOP candidates ran to the center on issues of reproductive rights.
LUDDEN: Tacit acknowledgment, she says, that polls show a large majority of Americans don't think government should limit access to abortion even if they personally oppose the procedure.
HOGUE: So we are going to vigilant. We're going to hold them accountable if they go back on their word, and we're going to make sure the voters in their states know exactly what they are doing once they get to Washington.
LUDDEN: Both sides in this debate will also be watching another Washington institution - the Supreme Court. Opponents continue to challenge a surge in state laws regulating abortion. It's a matter of time, all sides say, before high-court justices take up this contentious issue once again. Jennifer Ludden, NPR News, Washington.
NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by an NPR contractor. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Accuracy and availability may vary. The authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio record.