Amid Violence, Iraq Fractures Again Along Religious Lines : Parallels Nearly a decade ago, Iraq's war drove millions from their homes and divided the country along sectarian lines. It's happening again in response to the latest brutality by the Islamic State.

Amid Violence, Iraq Fractures Again Along Religious Lines

  • Download
  • <iframe src="" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript


Nearly 2 million Iraqis have fled their homes because of violence this year. Many are Shiite Muslims escaping the self-proclaimed Islamic State, or ISIS. That militant group has brutally murdered Shiites and other non-Sunnis. Many Shiites are heading south to safety and that is a symbol of a major shift in Iraq away from integrated communities. NPR's Alice Fordham has this story from Najaf in southern Iraq.


UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (Singing in foreign language).

ALICE FORDHAM, BYLINE: The shrine of Imam Ali at Najaf is a vast, gold-domed edifice, where Shiite Muslims from all over the world gather to pray. But just a few minutes' drive away are travelers of a different, shabbier kind. A long row of sheet metal buildings is draped in bright flags with religious slogans. Usually, these are for pilgrims to sleep in. But right now, they're spilling over with displaced families.


FORDHAM: The children are excited to have a visitor, keen to show off. They skitter around while their moms try to keep things clean.

ZAIRA RAQIB: (Foreign language spoken).

FORDHAM: It's tough for these kids, says Zaira Raqib, a mother of four of them. We know we're displaced, but they don't understand.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (Foreign language spoken).

FORDHAM: Even after a decade of upheaval, for many people this migration feels like a disastrous turning point for themselves, and for Iraq.

MEHDI MOUSSAWI: (Foreign language spoken).

FORDHAM: Next door is Mehdi Moussawi. He's a grandfather from the same village, on the green plains of northern Iraq, up close to the city of Mosul. He tells me he used to drive a bus back and forth to Baghdad - few hours ride. But last time, to avoid extremists, they took a torturous, days-long route through a half-dozen cities.

MOUSSAWI: (Foreign language spoken).

FORDHAM: They really didn't want to leave.

MOUSSAWI: (Foreign language spoken).

FORDHAM: They'd stayed for years, even after Moussawi lost a son and two nephews to al-Qaida militants. Still, ISIS is worse. He was sure that if he stayed, they'd kill the whole family.

MOUSSAWI: (Foreign language spoken).

FORDHAM: But Najaf's not like the North. It's so hot here - so dry. The people are so conservative. Back home, they'd all jump in the river Tigris then run back for lunch. Their neighbors were Sunnis, Christians and tiny minority sects like Yazidis. Here, everyone's Shiite. Will they ever go back?

MOUSSAWI: (Foreign language spoken).

FORDHAM: They really hope so, but others aren't so sure. I sit a while with Salah al-Sherba, appointed by the provincial council to look after the 100,000 or so displaced here. Men present papers to be stamped. Then young guys with Shiite slogans on their vests rip open boxes of blankets for them, hand out packs of dates, all provided by the organization that runs the shrine here.

SALAH AL-SHERBA: (Foreign language spoken).

FORDHAM: Sherba wonders if Iraq might split into separate states - Sunnis in the west, Shiites down here in the south, Kurds up north. Sometimes he wonders if that might be better.

AL-SHERBA: (Foreign language spoken).

FORDHAM: He says he once drove through the former Yugoslavia and saw where people once at each other's throats, are now in separate countries and life's back to normal. It gives him hope the same could happen here. Alice Fordham, NPR News.

Copyright © 2014 NPR. All rights reserved. Visit our website terms of use and permissions pages at for further information.

NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by Verb8tm, Inc., an NPR contractor, and produced using a proprietary transcription process developed with NPR. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Accuracy and availability may vary. The authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio record.