DAVE DAVIES, HOST:
This is FRESH AIR. For her new short story collection, called "Almost Famous Women," Megan Mayhew Bergman drew on the actual biographies - some of them very brief - of unconventional women. She then filled in some important blanks, especially imagining their inner lives. Our book critic, Maureen Corrigan, has a review.
MAUREEN CORRIGAN, BYLINE: "Almost Famous Women" is the kind of high-concept short story collection that invites skepticism. These stories are about 13 historical women whose names you mostly might sort of recognize. Beryl Markham, Butterfly McQueen and Shirley Jackson are slam dunks. But Romaine Brooks and Joe Carstairs are a bit blurrier. While the family names of Allegra Byron, Dolly Wilde and Norma Millay betray their relation to important figures, we don't know what they did. And who the heck was Hazel Eaton or Tiny Davis?
The concern with a collection like this one is that it's going to be continually genuflecting before these women, turning those who were only historical footnotes into minor female deities and sacrificing complexity for reverence. It turns out though that author Megan Mayhew Bergman is not just a worshiper. The female sanctuary she constructs out of her short stories is too littered with bad girl paraphernalia - cigarettes, champagne bottles, smashed up motorcycles and morphine needles - to make kneeling in adoration comfortable. Take the long short story here called "The Siege At Whale Cay," which is about the real-life standard oil heiress Joe Carstairs. Carstairs was a cigar-smoking champion speedboat racer, the lover of famous movie stars like Marlena Dietrich and Greta Garbo and the ruler of her own private island in the Bahamas. What a dame, right? Except that in Bergman's telling, Carstairs is also a narcissistic bully.
One of the ingenious literary devices that Bergman uses in some of these stories to complicate the portraits of her almost-famous women is the presence of a shadowy, fictional narrator or observer. So it is that we witness Joe Carstairs swaggering around like an island dictator through the eyes of her lover - a younger, working-class woman named Georgie, who starred in a carnival swim show in Florida when Carstairs plucked her from the mermaid tank. Georgie recalls that the boss of that carnival issued all his female workers one command - whatever you do, be pretty. By the end of this story, Georgie realizes that that's the same command she's implicitly getting from Carstairs.
In an atmospheric story called "The Autobiography Of Allegra Byron," we meet Lord Byron's out-of-wedlock little daughter as she's hidden away in an Italian convent at age 3, as indeed she was in real life. The narrator here is her caretaker, an Italian peasant woman who's lost her own child to typhus and becomes deeply attached to the poet's daughter. The twist is that little Allegra is depicted as a terror, the kind of demon-seed mean girl who manipulates other's affections. We readers may well feel resentment against her callous treatment of her caretaker until, in a brilliant twist of an ending sentence, we realize that Allegra herself is merely a pawn in a game orchestrated by a master manipulator.
Bergman's opening tale focuses on two women who had nonconformity thrust upon them by nature. "The Pretty, Grown-Together Children" is about Daisy and Violet Hilton, conjoined twins - literally joined at the hip - who enjoyed fleeting fame during the Golden Age of Hollywood. The story is set in their twilight years, when they're barely making a living by bagging groceries. Here is how Daisy, one of the twins, recalls the complications of their shared lives on and off the stage.
(Reading) Some nights I felt like a woman - the warm stage lights on my face, the right kind of lipstick on, Violet singing harmony. Some nights I felt like two women. Some nights I felt like a two-headed monster. That's what some drunk had shouted as Violent and I took the stage. We were the kind of women that started fights, not the kind of women that launched ships.
Generally speaking, most of the almost-famous women in this compelling collection fit in that intriguing category - trouble either found them or they stirred trouble up. You'll learn a lot about these women's unruly lives by reading Bergman's stories. But you'll also probably come away feeling that most were pretty difficult women, better to read about than to meet in person. Megan Mayhew Bergman right now may be an almost-famous woman herself, a recognized minor name in contemporary literature. But if she keeps on writing these kinds of intense, richly imagined tales, who knows where she'll end up?
DAVIES: Maureen Corrigan teaches literature at Georgetown University and is the author of the new book So We Read On: How The Great Gatsby Came To Be And Why It Endures." She reviewed "Almost Famous Women" by Megan Mayhew Bergman.
NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by Verb8tm, Inc., an NPR contractor, and produced using a proprietary transcription process developed with NPR. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Accuracy and availability may vary. The authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio record.