With The U.S. In The Background, Afghan Commandos Step It Up : Parallels With fighting expected to pick up this spring, Afghanistan's security is heavily dependent on elite forces like the commandos. NPR's Tom Bowman profiles the top enlisted man.
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With The U.S. In The Background, Afghan Commandos Step It Up

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With The U.S. In The Background, Afghan Commandos Step It Up

With The U.S. In The Background, Afghan Commandos Step It Up

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In Afghanistan, the Taliban say that they have begun their annual spring offensive. Heavy fighting was reported today in the northern province of Kunduz where Taliban forces attacked police and army checkpoints before being pushed back. Now that the U.S. combat role has ended, Afghanistan's security depends on its elite commando units. NPR's Tom Bowman sent this report from their training camp.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (Foreign language spoken).

TOM BOWMAN, BYLINE: The Afghan sergeant is screaming at the commando trainees. Two dozen of them are seated in the dirt in full combat gear. He's trying to teach them the proper way to clear a house, searching room to room for insurgents.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (Foreign language spoken).

BOWMAN: "I told you 10 times," he says, "hold your weapons correctly." Now they line up and stream into the warehouse-like building divided into rooms. It's called a shoot-house. They open fire on Taliban role-players, frisking those with their hands up. They do it over and over. In a month or so, they'll be doing it for real.

SERGEANT MAJOR FAIZ MOHAMMED WAFA: And this is a fight. This is Afghanistan right now. We're doing three things at the same time. We're training, we're equipping, and we're fighting the enemy.

BOWMAN: That Sergeant Major Wafa. He's a top enlisted man for the 15,000 commandos, a group similar to the U.S. Army Rangers. He's just 31 and small. Black bangs slash across his forehead. In a country of thick beards and mustaches, he's clean-shaven - almost boyish. And it's what happened to him as a boy - just 12 years old - that landed him in this training center built by the Americans in the hills south of Kabul. He says he was walking with his mother in his hometown of Mazar-i-Sharif when a Taliban fighter started beating her. The crime - she wasn't wearing socks to cover her ankles.

WAFA: And I was fighting with him. Then finally, the other guy got - gets closer to me, and he starts beating me with an AK-47 until, like - they were like, OK, he's a children. Let him go.

BOWMAN: Wafa helped his wounded mother home, and right then he decided to run away and join the fight against the Taliban.

WAFA: From there, my life has been changed. Then I did not tell anyone where I'm going. And there it was. I made my decision to - I need to fight against them.

BOWMAN: So he left with some of his friends to join the Northern Alliance, the anti-Taliban fighters in the hills. Because he was so young, he was able to work as a spy, slipping into town on his donkey to report on Taliban movements.

WAFA: And I used to see what happened - what's going on. And I used to take it back, all this information, give it to my commanders and give to my partners. They can plan and do attacks.

BOWMAN: Wafa spent several years fighting the Taliban, and on September 11, 2001, he was listening to the BBC radio. Soon after, he learned the Americans would be heading to Afghanistan.

WAFA: I was so happy. Now I can be part of the international community, can beat the terrorism and al-Qaida in my home country of Afghanistan.

BOWMAN: By this time, he was 16 years old, and he recalls seeing what he calls big Americans, Green Berets with their radios and technology.

WAFA: I wanted to get to know them. I wanted to get friend with them because when I was very young, I liked to watch the movies like, "Transmitter 2" and all the Arnold movies, "Rambo" movies.

BOWMAN: Wafa eventually joined the Afghan commandos, training at this very base. And the Green Berets took him under their wing.

WAFA: They asked me - so, like, Wafa, do you like to go to U.S. for some schools? And I was like, yes, that would be more than everything for me.

BOWMAN: He spent two years training in the United States where he remembers eating lasagna at neighborhood parties, and his favorite - steak at waffle house.

WAFA: I was like oh, Wafa, you're in the next world. You have to learn something and take it back to your country, share it with the rest of the commandos.

BOWMAN: At Camp Commando, Wafa and the other instructors are sharing what they've learned - how to shoot, plan attacks, repel from helicopters. The tough training has paid off. The commandos are the go-to force, says Captain Abdul Hailim Dawlzai, when the Afghan army can't finish a fight against the Taliban.

CAPTAIN ABDUL HAILIM DAWLZAI: (Through interpreter) When they need the help or when they've failed to do their jobs, then the commando will backup them and help them.

BOWMAN: How often does that happen?

DAWLZAI: (Through interpreter) It has been happening frequently.

BOWMAN: He ticks off the places he's fought.

DAWLZAI: (Foreign language spoken).

BOWMAN: "Kandahar, Helmand, all over," he says. Wafa sometimes worries the commandos are spread too thin. He'd like to get out in the field again, but says his focus now is making sure others are ready.

WAFA: My mission is to advise and teach my noncommissioned officers and make sure they're getting enough equipment, they're getting enough training. Their enemies changing their tactics every day. But I am - honestly, I'd like to go fight against the enemy of Afghanistan again.

BOWMAN: Wafa has now become something of a celebrity among the Green Berets who once served as his role models. He's been invited to speak at West Point, and there's also a certain notoriety. There are whispers he finally confronted the Taliban fighter who beat his mother so many years ago and killed him. When Wafa is asked about this, he suddenly turns coy.

WAFA: Well, I could forgive him, or I could shot him down. I did one of these two, but I don't want to tell you which one I did.

BOWMAN: Then he smiles and heads back to work. Tom Bowman, NPR News, Kabul.

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