'Remember The Maine' — In Indiana! How did a monument to the USS Maine, which sank in Havana Harbor in 1898, come to rest in Indiana? The answer tells a lot about the power and influence of veterans, years after war.

'Remember The Maine' — In Indiana!

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AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:

After an explosion sank the battleship USS Maine in Havana Harbor in 1898, the cry rose up in the U.S. to remember the Maine. It was the spark that led to America's first overseas war. The event was commemorated across the country, sometimes in unexpected places. One can be found today in the city of East Chicago, Ind. On this Memorial Day, Lakeshore Public Radio's Steve Walsh looks at how this nearly forgotten memorial wound up in the steel country of Indiana.

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STEVE WALSH, BYLINE: The sights and sound of industry still fill East Chicago. Trains pass by City Hall every few minutes, some carrying coal for local steel mills whose furnaces continue to burn brightly along the southern shores of Lake Michigan. On the other side of the building in the park, there is an often overlooked monument to a pivotal time in U.S. history, the sinking of the USS Maine.

RICHARD LYTLE: I don't know of any - anywhere else - certainly nothing like this - where they've got a plaque and the whole thing made from the Maine itself. So no, this is unique. This is unique, I've got to admit.

WALSH: That's Richard Lytle, a local historian. He says there are very few local reminders of this conflict. Even he hadn't noticed this plaque next to City Hall.

LYTLE: And at the very bottom to the left, you can see where it says USS Maine, destroyed Havana Harbor, and a little bit - a picture of the ship sinking.

WALSH: How did a monument dedicated to such a faraway event turn up in East Chicago at a time when the city had fewer than 4,000 people? Turns out, as tiny as it was, the city, with the help of nearby communities, was large enough to raise a company of soldiers to fight in the Spanish-American war.

LYTLE: Yeah, these guys were definitely independent. They were out to save the world, these guys.

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WALSH: A little history lesson - in 1898, the American public was sympathetic to the Cubans, who were rebelling against Spanish rule. The U.S. sent the battleship USS Maine into Havana Harbor. On February 15, an explosion killed 260 people on board. It may have been an accident, but at the time, it was attributed to a Spanish mine.

KEN ROBISON: It's like the firing on Fort Sumter, the attack on Pearl Harbor. It's all of that rolled into one. Patriotic fervor sweeps the entire country. Everyone's like, we've got to avenge the Maine.

WALSH: That's Ken Robison, head of the Sons of the Spanish-American War Veterans. The organization is still around. Regiments from Indiana didn't arrive in Havana until after the shooting was over. When they came back, they became active politically. The first veterans groups formed almost immediately.

ROBISON: So when it came time for the Span-Am vets to start lobbying to get pensions and widows benefits and all that, they had such a political machine in place that the Civil War vets started complaining that the Span-Am vets didn't see as hard service, but were getting better benefits than the Civil War veterans (laughter).

WALSH: That political clout is what landed the plaque in East Chicago. It's one of hundreds made from the wreckage of the USS Maine after it was raised from Havana harbor. The design, by sculptor Charles Keck, shows Lady Liberty, head bowed and arm outstretched over the ship. The plaques were distributed by the federal government starting in 1913.

ROBISON: And the United Spanish War Veterans laid claim to a lot of these. And if you go around, you'll find them. Some of them are still right where they put them. Some have been moved. Actually, I think we've had three come across eBay. One of our New York camps managed to get the guy to take it down and donate it.

WALSH: They ended up everywhere from Central Park in New York City to Orange County, Calif.

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WALSH: The plaque in East Chicago didn't find a home next to City Hall until 1938, the 40th anniversary of the sinking of the Maine. By then, many of the local vets were near the end of their careers, but still influential. Their chapter of the United Spanish-American War Vets hung around until 1960 when the last local member died. For NPR News, I'm Steve Walsh.

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