RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:
During the riots in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray, close to 400 businesses were damaged. Many still need help. The city, state and federal governments have offered millions of dollars in aid, but very little has been paid out so far. NPR's Pam Fessler has more.
PAM FESSLER, BYLINE: It took only minutes for stores in Baltimore to be destroyed on the night of April 27, but six weeks later, the repair process is still limping along and stores not directly affected by the violence say they've also seen a sharp decline in business.
PEDRO SILVA: You look outside, there's nobody. We - before, we used to be no parking space. Now it's empty. It's empty - day, night.
FESSLER: Pedro Silva runs Carolina's Tex-Mex Restaurant in Fells Point, usually a busy tourist spot. Silva says since the riots, business has been cut in half. And at lunchtime last week, the place was almost empty as Silva sat with a lending officer from the nonprofit Latino Economic Development Center to get a $5,000 loan to cover some bills.
SILVA: We're good to go?
UNIDENTIFIED MAN: We're good to go.
SILVA: All right, good. You know, like I said before, we need the money today, not tomorrow - tomorrow's too late.
FESSLER: And there's a similar sense of desperation across the street at Express Prints. Owner Daniel Paredes says he lost $7,000 in printing business last month, enough to stop him from hiring a new employee. Paredes has been trying to get a $35,000 no-interest loan from either the city or state with no luck so far.
DANIEL PAREDES: I apply already for the city, but I don't receive any answer. I call him like two, three times already, they don't answer the phone anymore.
FESSLER: And in fact, to date, not one business has received one of the loans offered by the city, state and U.S. Small Business Administration in the aftermath of the violence, although state officials say 13 loans have been approved and are almost ready to go. The city has also offered $5,000 grants to help stores with emergency repairs. But as of Friday, only three checks had been written. Bill Cole is president and CEO of the Baltimore Development Corporation, which is overseeing the business recovery effort.
BILL COLE: Unfortunately, we had no access to funds that we could just simply award right away. We've had to fundraise for ours. The state program, they modified in order to be more responsive to the incidents that happened in Baltimore. But it's still a loan program.
FESSLER: Which means applicants have to provide financial information and go through other hoops that Cole admits some small businesses might find daunting. He says his agency is trying to help where it can.
COLE: In a lot of cases, it's simply just answering questions and helping them understand what the process is to reopen.
FESSLER: And Cole says the overwhelming majority of businesses have reopened to some extent. Others are still struggling with insurance companies, which is the case for Taylor Alexander, owner of Flawless Damsels, a women's dress shop that was cleaned out by looters.
TAYLOR ALEXANDER: From the equipment to the decorations to the fixtures to the inventory, even small stuff like receipt paper and toilet paper - just everything.
FESSLER: Including the computer where she kept her business records. Alexander has spent the last few weeks trying to re-create those records to make a claim. Still, she's optimistic she'll get help from the city and be able to reopen this summer. Not so optimistic is Matthew Chung whose parents' variety store, J-Mart Wigs, suffered extensive damage after almost 30 years in West Baltimore. His parents were not insured.
MATTHEW CHUNG: They're not going to be able to open up anytime soon if ever. And as far as what the city has done to help, I'm saddened to say that there's been pretty much no - no help whatsoever.
FESSLER: He says the only money his parents have received so far is $24,000 from a GoFundMe page set up by friends. Pam Fessler, NPR News.
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