Neil Young And Jonathan Demme On The Pain And Power Of 'Heart Of Gold' A surgery, and the brain aneurysm that prompted it, served as catalysts for Neil Young to create some of the most compelling music of his career, and inspired a music film from Jonathan Demme.
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Neil Young And Jonathan Demme On The Pain And Power Of 'Heart Of Gold'

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Neil Young And Jonathan Demme On The Pain And Power Of 'Heart Of Gold'

Neil Young And Jonathan Demme On The Pain And Power Of 'Heart Of Gold'

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This is FRESH AIR. I'm Terry Gross.

I A: Heart of Gold." The director Jonathan Demme also made the 2004 version of the "Manchurian Candidate," "Philadelphia," "Silence of the Lambs" and "Something Wild." "Heart of Gold" opens in select theaters this Friday, but the soundtrack won't be released until the spring. So the versions of Young's new songs that we will hear are from his album "Prairie Wind." Let's start with "It's a Dream."


NEIL YOUNG: (Singing) "In the morning when I wake up and listen to the sounds of the birds outside on a roof, I try to ignore what the paper says. And I try not to read all the news. And I'll hold you if you had a bad dream. And I'll hope it never comes true. Cause you and I've been through so many things together. And the sun starts climbing the roof. It's a dream, only a dream. And it's fading now. Fading away. It's only a dream. Just a memory about anywhere. Just stay."

GROSS: I asked Jonathan Demme what it was like to approach Neil Young about making a film at a time when Young was dealing with a brain aneurysm.

JONATHAN DEMME: The turning point, I thought I was contacting him at was that he had just created what was arguably just one of the major master works in this master's artistic life. I just heard these songs that he was sending up from Nashville, and thought, `My God, this is really, to capture this stuff somehow or other on film could be really amazing.' I responded to the emotional dimension. I responded to my own emotions. I got very emotional as I heard this stuff, and it just gave me a lot of confidence to pursue the idea of, if we were able to stage a concert in Neil's ideal location, that would be the Ryman Auditorium in Nashville, Tennessee, with his ideal group of musicians, that we would probably wind up with something that would be incredibly singular amongst music on film and the music on film category, and something that I know I would feel very privileged to be a part of.

GROSS: Neil Young, this is, to me, just an incredible part of the story. The way I understand it, you find out you have this aneurysm on your brain, and in a couple of weeks, you are going to get a procedure to fix it or do away with it or whatever the medical term is, and so you decided to book a studio in Nashville and record a new album except you haven't written the songs yet. So you go to Nashville with the intent of writing these songs before the procedure is done. Do I have that story right?

YOUNG: Well, it's kind of right.

GROSS: You tell it. You tell it.

YOUNG: Really, really what happened, I was at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducting Chrissy Hind of the Pretenders into the Hall of Fame and visiting, and I was planning to go to Nashville the next day to record, and I had one complete song and it was enough to go in, and I kind of had confidence that if I was going to go in there and get started, that it would start things going, and I would probably write more because I would be in a situation where if I wrote it, I could put it down right away. And so the Hall of Fame came along, and I did my presentation to Chrissy and the Pretenders, and then I went home, and then the next morning I woke up and I was shaving and I looked out the window, and there was this--you know how you get something caught in your eye sometimes and it looks like one of those micro-being thing, a little, you know, long, looks like DNA or something floating around on your eye, and you're going, `Wow,' you know, `look at that, it's a science project.' So I was--I had one of those, but it looked different to me. I said, `That's a big one, I've never seen one like this.' Then I closed my eyes, and it was still there. So then I started pushing on my eye, trying to move it around like you usually would be able to, and it just didn't move. So I said to myself, `Well, this is something on your brain, not on your eye.' So that became a little bit--by then it had grown to cover half of my field of vision, and everything to the left of it was just kind of looked like a mercury, silvery kind of a thing moving around like reflections on water, and everything to the right of it was clear as a bell. There was this line, a shard of glass or something, right through the middle of it that was really vibrating. So I was experiencing this, and it was becoming a little bit disorienting because just having so much of your vision kind of out to lunch was--the whole thing was disorienting. So I decided at that time that I was going to get it checked out, and I had a doctor friend that I had just seen the day before for an unrelated thing, and so I called him, and he said come on in. So I went down there, and by then, it had gone away. It only lasted about 25 minutes. So when I went down there, they took me to all these--the Dr. Positano took me to all of the experts in fields that were related to this. And so I saw five doctors, and they did a bunch of tests and things on me, and they're trying to figure out what it was, and they never came to a conclusion of what it was, but during the searching, they found this aneurysm which was completely unrelated to...

GROSS: It was unrelated?

YOUNG: Yes. It was unrelated. It was kind of an accident that they found it. And the visual disturbance turned out to be a visual migraine, and now I just simply take a little aspirin, and that doesn't help anymore. Of course, you know, I guess someday I will have to take a little more aspirin or something. I don't know. Hopefully, everything will be OK there, but the aneurysm had nothing to do with it.

GROSS: Oh, you're lucky.

YOUNG: Yeah. So I was fortunate to have a great neurologist who I'd met and his name is Dexter Sun. And he is there in New York, and he told me in his Chinese way that I had had this aneurysm for a hundred years and is showing me on the big, you know, readout, that they had this big piece of film, and you could see the thing kind of looked like Florida hanging off of the United States. And I was looking at it, and it kind of scared me at first, and then he said, you know, `Neil,' he said, `you've had this for a hundred years. There is nothing to worry about. For you, it is nothing to worry about. For me, I have to get rid of it as soon as possible. It has to go. We have to get rid of it. It has to be gone from your head.' And I said, `Well, how do we do that?' And he said, `Well, I need to make some calls and we're going to set up an appointment for you with this surgeon, Dr. Gobin, at New York Presbyterian.' So they did that, and I went. Dr. Gobin wasn't going to be in for a couple of days, so I had three or four days between when he was coming in, and then so rather than sit around, knowing that I had an aneurysm and just sitting in New York with my aneurysm, I decided to go to Nashville and do what I was going to do in the first place and then fly back. So I went in there, and I recorded the "Painter," and then I recorded--the next song I wrote was "I Wonder." The next day I wrote that, the evening after the "Painter" and the morning, the following morning I wrote that and then we recorded it, and then I wrote "Falling Off the Face of the Earth" that night and the next morning and we recorded it, and then I went back to New York and met the Dr. Gobin, and we scheduled the procedure for 10 days from that point, and then I went back to Nashville and finished the record.

GROSS: So, was your life in jeopardy at this point?

YOUNG: Well, you know, it's one of those things where your life is in jeopardy if you have this thing. And on one hand one doctor was telling me everything was OK, you know, I can fly, `You can do whatever you want to do. You've had this for a long time, there is no reason to change what you are doing and just go on with your life, and we will take care of it here in a week or two, and everything will be fine.' And other doctors were telling me, you know, `Don't lean down to tie your shoes,' you know. `Have someone else tie your shoes for you. Don't put your head down,' because, you know, if you put your head down really fast and then bring it back up, there is a lot of pressure happens there or something. So, you know, this is kind of turning into a medical show, but that's OK.

DEMME: The great American actor Trey Wilson, who played Nathan Arizona in "Raising Arizona," and I got to work with him in "Married to the Mob," he was perfectly healthy, and he was in a restaurant one night and his aneurysm exploded on him, and that was it.

GROSS: Oh, really.

YOUNG: Yeah. It's like, you know, if it goes off, you're finished. So, and this was an ugly one. It's a series of bubbles that form, like if you think of one of your arteries as like a bicycle tube...

DEMME: I'd rather not.

YOUNG: ...which is easy for me to do. So, I have a Schwinn brain. So, anyway, I was riding along on my balloon tires, and, suddenly, I realized there was this huge bump on my tire. And then, you know what happens is, that's a weakness in the wall of the vein, and so the pressure makes this bubble come out. And I had a series of six or seven bubbles on top of bubbles.


YOUNG: So there was just--it was getting thinner every time it happened. So it was obvious that Florida had to go, you know. We had to get rid of that state.

GROSS: You know that classic movie plot, you go to the doctor, you find out you only have two weeks to live or six months to live and the rest of the movie is like, `What are you going to do with that time?' And it's like you find out, it's conceivable that you only have a couple of weeks to live, you know. And what do you do? You go into the studio and you write songs. I mean, if given your choice, would that have been the thing that you most want to do if you felt that your time might actually be limited?

YOUNG: Well, you know, there was really no way of knowing how long this thing would go on, and it had gone on maybe my whole life, building to where it is now. We don't know how long it took to get to where it was, but something told me that the thing to do was do what you do. Just do what you were doing before and just keep on going. So when I'm making music and writing songs, and, you know, I had my wife with me, Pegi was there. She was helping on the record. So everything was good. We were together, and we were doing what we love to do, so we decided that's how we're going to spend our time.

DEMME: I heard that when you were down in Nashville cutting the record, in the midst of all of this, that you were eating barbecue every night and just really, really chowing down.

YOUNG: No. There's no truth to that. That's one of those Internet rumors.


GROSS: I want to play the song "Falling Off the Face of the Earth." You mentioned this is one of the songs you wrote right before the procedure, and it's just such a beautiful song and it's about, like an older person's love, not like new romantic `I've just fallen in love' love, but the kind of love that you have with somebody who you've been with for a very long time. It's a very beautiful song. Would you say a little bit about writing this song, Neil Young?

YOUNG: Well, writing "Falling Off the Face of the Earth" is really a case of, I had a melody that I was writing that I had just come up with that night, and then I was going to bed and I couldn't come up with the lyrics, but I had a melody and chord changes. So I thought, `Well,' you know, `I'll just go to sleep and I will wake up in the morning and start playing the changes and the words will be there.' So, I checked my voice mail, and I had a message from Jim Jarmusch, who did my film, "Year of the Horse."

GROSS: An early concert film?

YOUNG: An early concert film of "Crazy Horse" which is like the--almost the polar opposite of this film in some ways because of the musical content. But, anyway, Jim and I are good friends and he sent me, left a voice mail, and it seemed, I'm not sure if he knew I had this aneurysm or if he didn't, but he was, I think he did, but he was just thinking about me, and so he left me a message and some of the phrases that are in the message, I played it again and I wrote down some of the phrases that he used. And then, you know, in the morning, I had the song all done because some of the phrases that he used in the voice mail were in the--I just used them out of context in the song and kind of opened up the door for everything else, so the chorus and everything all just fell out.

GROSS: Did he say...

YOUNG: You know once you get started...

GROSS: Did he say something like feeling like he's falling off the face of the earth?

YOUNG: No. He said I just wanted to thank you for all the things we've done, you know. We've done some special things together, you know. There's a--it may sound simple but, you know, things like that, little phrases that are in the song.

GROSS: Well, it's a beautiful song. Let's hear it. And this is the version from Neil Young's CD "Prairie Wind." He also performs it in the new concert film which is called "Neil Young: Heart of Gold."


YOUNG: (Singing) "I'd just like to thank you for all the things you've done. Thinking about you, I just want to send my love. I send my best to you, that's my message of love. For all the things you did, I can never thank you enough. I feel like I'm falling, falling off the face of the earth. Falling off the face of the earth. Feel like I'm falling, falling off the face of the earth. Falling off the face of the earth. Falling..."

GROSS: Neil Young, I think of that as a song, you know, although you said that the song, the idea after the song, came from a Jim Jarmusch phone call. In my mind, it's a song for your wife. I don't know if there's any truth to that, but that's how I hear it, when I hear it.

YOUNG: I agree, I agree. I think that--you know, that's the magic of songs. That's what it's all about. Everything is connected in one way or another and the feelings that one person may have, may be, may be when you write them down and when you sing them, it becomes a completely different thing. So, you know, that's the magic of art. That's the magic of taking a picture of something and putting it in a different context with other pictures, and, suddenly, it means something completely different. And that's what Jonathan and I do, so, you know, that's just the way that happened. It is a song for my wife. Obviously, I'm deeply in love with my wife, and she's the most important person to me, and I was talking to her in the song, but I was using Jim's words in some cases and couching them in a different frame work.

GROSS: Then she sings back up in the concert and on the CD. Jonathan Demme, since you have Neil Young singing and his wife being one of the backup singers on this, how much did you want to make of that when you were shooting? I mean, you could, like there's a couple of, like, very meaningful glances they give each other, but you could have like really made a lot out of this. Do you know what I mean? You could've, like how did you decide how much to notice that?

DEMME: When Neil and I first started talking very seriously about doing this film, which we just always described as a performance film and not a concert film because we didn't go down there to film a concert, we staged a concert in order to film it. And, one of the things that Neil talked constantly about in our early conversations on the telephone was just his tremendous regard and love for the other musicians, Pegi and Emmylou and Ben Keith and everybody. He spoke individually about every single person, and he would pepper our conversations with--you know, Anthony Crawford comes up on that song and, you know, that's the song that Grant Boatwright plays the electric guitar on. And I would be scribbling all this stuff down and just really getting very excited about the possibility of capturing all these strong bonds that exists between these brilliant musicians on film and making that part of the texture of the movie.


GROSS: This is FRESH AIR. I'm Terry Gross. We are talking with Neil Young and director Jonathan Demme about their new performance film, "Neil Young: Heart of Gold." Most of the songs on it were written last year after Young was diagnosed with a brain aneurysm, which has since been successfully treated. The new songs in the film were first recorded on Young's album, "Prairie Wind." From that CD, here is Young's song "The Painter."


YOUNG: (Singing) "The painter stood before a work, she looked around everywhere. She saw the pictures and she painted them. She picked the colors from the air. Green to green, red to red, yellow to yellow in the light. Black to black when the evening comes. Blue to blue in the night. It's a long road behind me. It's a long road ahead. If you follow every dream, you might get lost. If you follow every dream, you might get lost.

GROSS: One of the things I like about the way you shot this, Jonathan Demme, is that it's so much about the music and about the emotion behind the music. I think there really are a lot of, you know, performance films that are about how hip a band is, about how cool and fashionable they are, about what a good time the audience in the concert hall was having.

DEMME: You can forget that.

GROSS: Do you know what I mean? And it's not just about the music itself, and a lot of camera work is so restless at these things, making you think that unless the camera is constantly moving and unless there is an edit every second, that you're going to be bored, and a lot of that sometimes distracts your attention from the music, and I feel like all the camera work, everything's done in service to the music and the emotion.

DEMME: Well, to put even more of a point on it, one of the bottom line missions here was to make sure that every single lyric, every word of every song, which in our film kind of functions a little bit like stories--Neil is a story teller with his songs--we wanted every single word to be just so easily accessed that nothing would intrude on, just a complete intimate relationship between the audience and the message that Neil was singing about. And the other thing was I wanted to make sure that we were up very, very close a lot of the time on Neil as he was singing these songs so that his emotional state, as he presented the stuff, was something that we could be very, very akin to. And I definitely felt that, you're right, stylish camera moves and dolly shots and crane shots and kinetic editing, all of which I love, and have been used exceptionally well time and again with music and drama and what have you, but certainly in the music world. I felt that, you know, none of that stuff would serve us nearly as well as beautifully composed, beautifully lit--we had Ellen Kuras doing the lighting, she invented new colors in her artistic interpretation of what the songs meant to her--nothing could serve us better than those kind of shots, and I really aspired to find ways and hoped that our shots played a long time and were not interrupted by an edit to another shot, unless we had something really worth going to, operating on the premise that, you know, we're providing the best seat in the house so we don't need to be cutting around all the time. So, what it all added up to in a way was I felt, you know, this is kind of bold. It's almost in this day and age where the family is always moving. Who knows, maybe the fact that we're kind of settled in a little bit more and don't cut as much might feel kind of avant garde at this stage of the game.

GROSS: Neil Young, when you went back to the recording studio, after the procedure to remove the aneurysm, were you in the same mood that you were before? You know you had had this terrible revelation about the aneurysm, you had the procedure, you got through it, it seemed to be successful. Were you in the same frame of mind that you were when you had started writing and recording those songs?

YOUNG: Well, now when I shake my head--you know, they put some coils inside my brain--and now when I shake my head it...(sound of rattling)...sounds like--just kidding. Cheap shot.

GROSS: So you are not kidding about them...

DEMME: This is radio, isn't it?

YOUNG: Hey, come on. This is radio, Bob and Ray.

GROSS: But you are not kidding about coils inside your brain, right?

YOUNG: No, they're little platinum slinkies.

DEMME: He was actually shaking his head just then. That was the darndest thing.

GROSS: But what did they put inside your brain?

YOUNG: Cheap shot.

GROSS: What did they put inside?

YOUNG: Little platinum slinkies.

GROSS: And what is the purpose?

YOUNG: Tiny little slinkies. Well, they're flexible, and they're like, you know, they're springs, kind of, and they're made out of the thinnest, smallest, most delicate platinum, and they--you know, they stuffed this thing full of them. They went in with this, you know, radiology thing or whatever, they watched it in on TV and they sent this thing up through, you know, from my leg up through and into my head and packed this little aneurysm full of these slinkies.

GROSS: And that does what?

YOUNG: Fooled me. Fooled my body completely. My body thought I had a bunch of scar tissue going in there, so scar tissue gets more scar tissues. I think my body filled up the whole aneurysm with scar tissue, and now it's full of scar tissue, and there is nothing there. The blood just goes flying by like nothing's wrong.

GROSS: That's really amazing. So...


GROSS: still.

DEMME: He just scratched his head.


GROSS: My guests are Neil Young and director Jonathan Demme. Their new performance film, "Neil Young: Heart of Gold," features songs that Young wrote last year right after he was diagnosed with a brain aneurysm that has since been successfully treated.

GROSS: But I want to play another, like really beautiful song from "Prairie Wind," you know, one of the songs you do in the performance from "Heart of Gold." And this is a song that was written for your daughter, it's called "I'm Here for You." Would you talk about writing this song?

YOUNG: Well, this is--this is like, probably the second to last song that I did before going back to New York, and it's a song about--you know, it's about my daughter. She's--you know, she's 21 and she's moving on, you know, she's in college, she's graduating, and I'm really proud of her and how well she is doing. She's an artist, and you know, of course, I miss her all the time but I really don't want to intrude so I was just trying to communicate to her that she has a place to go, but it wasn't a place she had to go, you know. She--if she needed me, I was there, that myself and her mother would be there for her if she ever needed us and that she was free to go and free to stay, and that we were behind her all the way, you know. So it is just that kind of a song, a kind of letting go without letting go kind of.

GROSS: Well, it's a great song. Here it is. It's "I'm Here for You."


YOUNG: (Singing) "When your summer days come tumbling down and you find yourself alone, then you can come back and be with me. Just close your eyes and I'll be there. Listen to the song. This old heart beating for you. Yes, I miss you, but I never want to hold you down. You might say I'm here for you."

GROSS: You know, the two songs that we just played, this one and the one called "Falling Off the Face of the Earth," I hear them, and I might be being, like, overly dramatic here, but they sound to me like the songs that you might have written as messages to leave behind for the people you love just in case something happened to you. Am I reading too much into it?

YOUNG: Well, these songs are meant to be for anything. They're meant to be for if I'm here or if I'm not here. But all my songs are like that. So, I really try to write songs like that. I wrote a song years and years ago called "I Feel Like Going Back," and it could have been one of these songs, and, you now, it's all about not one particular time or place or situation but the whole thing. I try to make it so that it will work, you know, that's where I'm coming from, so it will work no matter what happens.

DEMME: This movie ends with "One of These Days" which Neil wrote years ago and reinterpreted for the movie, but that's as rich and, you know, as emotionally powerful a summing up song as any other song on the "Prairie Wind" album, I think.

GROSS: Are there things that you think were easier to say in a song than in conversation?

YOUNG: Oh, yeah. Yeah, on practically everything. Actually, yeah, but, you know, I really, I'm glad that I can write songs because I would've probably gone crazy by now if I couldn't have put some of these ideas down in a way that is obscure enough so you can say them at any time, and yet, when you hear it, if you are thinking about it and you are wide open to it, then you can go a lot farther than the current conversation.

GROSS: How did you both decide which songs to include in the performance from, obviously, you have the songs from "Prairie Wind," but there are also earlier songs, early Neil Young songs on there and you obviously had a lot of songs to choose from. So, how did you decide which ones you wanted to include?

DEMME: But the funny thing for me is that I was so focused on "Prairie Wind" and my love for those songs that--and I thought that's terrific that our film will end with some wonderful of the earlier songs. But I had no idea that those earlier songs were going to wind up packing such a tremendously strong emotional wallop.

GROSS: Well, the effect that you have with some of the olds songs, you know, the effect I think that it registers on me, anyway, and the audience is that here you have some of the songs, Neil Young, that you wrote and recorded when you were a young man, and some of these are about age. And now you're singing them as, you know, someone who isn't a young man. I think you're, what, 60 now?

YOUNG: Yeah.

GROSS: And so the songs...

DEMME: What's so old about that?

GROSS: And so the songs, they have a different resonance. They have a different meaning. And, you know, and the audience like you feel you almost reflecting on the songs and how the sound of the songs have changed. Do you...

YOUNG: Well, there's a trick in there.

GROSS: Yeah.

YOUNG: And when we go into the second part of it, it's basically a chronological trip through my music, with a few departures from chronology. But it is starting back in Buffalo Springfield and going through to, I guess, "Harvest Moon" or--yeah, "Harvest Moon." So it goes through that. But the thing is, you listen to it a lot more than you have been. Instead of celebrating, `Hey, there's another old song and he's doing these songs that I like,' you're not doing that. You're still listening because you've been tuned into listening in the beginning and listening for the words. So they become part of the story because you're trained and you have trained yourself to listen instead of just watching and celebrating these old tunes that you've heard before. You're listening to them like they're new tunes. And so I think that opens the door for people to go on the journey with the songs.


GROSS: Jonathan Demme, how many takes were there for each of the songs? How did you manage to get such good takes?

DEMME: So everybody was just at their peak form. And, you know, we just got the cameras in focus, and they let it rip. And it was quite an exquisite night of music.

GROSS: Neil Young, one of the things that adds to the emotional depth of the movie is that onstage, before introducing one of the songs that has to do with your father, you talk about how he had recently died after having dementia for 10 years. And you talk about how interesting it was to watch him living in the moment. And I thought that's the kind of positive thing to find about somebody who has dementia is that they're living in the moment. Did you hold on to that as a way of seeing something positive about his dementia and his inability to remember the past?

YOUNG: Well, I just focused on what his life was about now and not what it was about, you know, used to be about. Just more because the love is still there and everything, but I couldn't think of any other way to describe it.

GROSS: Mm-mmm.

YOUNG: Because that's really all that I think was left. I just--I don't know. Perhaps it was easier for him to remember things than it was for him to speak about what he remembered. So I don't know the connection. I don't know whether people with dementia actually can't remember anything or whether they can't put the words together to explain what it is. Because just putting a sentence together takes an incredible amount of reasoning power in the present. And it really, we take it for granted, and we speak along and it's quite a creation, the human body, that enables us to think and talk and do all of these things at the same time. So as it slowly breaks down and the connections get lost, it's kind of hard to say exactly where things are and what's happening. But I know that my dad was living in the moment so I use that phrase to describe what was going on. That's the best I could do.

GROSS: Do you feel right now that you're--there is something very cathartic about the performance film? Do you feel like you've come through the other end of something by having kind of lived through the whole aneurysm thing, written the songs you wanted to write, recorded the CD, done the performance film. They are both really emotional kind of experiences. Do you feel like you're out the other end of something?

YOUNG: I feel like I'm at the beginning of something else now.

GROSS: Of what, do you know?

YOUNG: No. But I know I'm at the beginning of something. And nothing ever really ends with music. It just keeps on going on. It's like it's an eternal exhaust out of some, you know, interplanetary spaceship. It just keeps going, you know. It's just out there. Anything you put out just keeps on happening. People could listen to this music in a hundred, 200, 300 years from now as far as I know. So what we do now lasts forever. And what we're going to do next is what matters.

GROSS: Jonathan Demme, one last question for you. When you were making this movie, did you dream these songs every night? Were you hearing them so much and thinking about them so much that they just like stuck with you even when you should have not been thinking about them, like when you should have been sleeping?

DEMME: I'll tell you, all my three children worked on the movie with me, each in different capacities. And my wife Joanne was there. And all I can tell you is that everybody is obsessed with these songs, and we'd no sooner come home from, you know, 12-14 hour rehearsal sessions, and we'd come home and somebody or other would put the CD on. So we lived "Prairie Wind" throughout the shooting and driving in the cars on the weekends playing it. And, finally, we all were able to sing all the lyrics to all the songs. So it got very obsessive. Yes.

GROSS: Well, I want to thank you both so much for talking with us. Thank you.

DEMME: It was fun, Terry. Thank you.

YOUNG: Thank you.


DEMME: That was Neil getting up.


GROSS: I'm Terry Gross. We'll close with another song from "Prairie Wind" that's also featured in Neil Young's new film.


YOUNG: (Singing) "Was he thinking about my country or the color of my skin, was he thinking about my religion and the way I worshiped him? Did he create just me in his image or every living thing?

YOUNG: (Singing) "When God made me, when God made me."

YOUNG: (Singing) "Was he..."

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