DWANE BROWN, HOST:
Confederate monuments are just one way to think about how far this nation has come. Another way? Collecting Ku Klux Klan robes. Meet blues musician Daryl Davis. He's African-American. And for more than three decades, he's had what you might call an interesting hobby - befriending members of the Klan. And once the friendship blossoms, the Klansmen have a change of heart. Daryl Davis says some 200 Klansmen have given up their robes after meeting him. Some even gave Davis their robes. Which he keeps as a reminder of the dent he has made in racism. Daryl Davis joined us in our studios here in Washington. I asked him to tell us about the encounter that started him on this journey.
DARYL DAVIS: I was playing music. I - it was my first time playing at this particular bar called the Silver Dollar Lounge. And this white gentleman approached me. And he says, I really enjoy your all's music. I thanked him, shook his hand. And he says, you know, this is the first time I ever heard a black man play piano like Jerry Lee Lewis. And I was kind of surprised that he did not know the origin of that style of music. I said, well, where do you think Jerry Lee Lewis learned how to play that style? And he's like, well, I don't know. Jerry Lee invented that. I never heard nobody else play like that.
I said, well, he learned it from the same place I did - black blues and boogie-woogie piano players. That's where rockabilly rock rock 'n' roll roll style came from. Oh, no, no, no. Jerry Lee invented that. I ain't never heard no black man except for you play like that. So I'm thinking, you know, this guy's never heard Fats Domino or Little Richard. And then he says, you know, this is the first time I ever sat down and had a drink with a black man. Well, now I'm getting curious. I'm trying to figure out, now how is it that in my 25 years on the face of this earth, I had sat down literally with thousands of white people - had a beverage, a meal, a conversation or anybody else.
And this guy, you know, is 15, 20 years older than me, and he's never sat down with a black guy before and had a drink? I said, how is that? Why? At first he didn't answer me. And he had a friend sitting next to him who elbowed him and said tell him, tell him, tell him. And he finally said, I'm a member of the Ku Klux Klan. And I just burst out laughing because I really did not believe him. I thought he was pulling my leg. As I was laughing, he reached into his pocket, pulled out his wallet, flipped through his credit cards and pictures and produced his Klan card and handed it to me.
And immediately, I stopped laughing. I recognized their logo on there, the Klan symbol. And now, I'm wondering, why am I sitting with a Klansman? But he was very friendly. It was the music, you know, that brought us together. And he wanted me to call him and let him know anytime I was to return to this bar with this band. The fact that a Klansman and a black person could sit down at the same table, enjoy the same music, that was a seed planted.
So what do you do when you plant a seed? You nourish it. And that was the impetus for me to write a book. And I decided to go around the country and sit down with Klan leaders and Klan members to find out, how can you hate me when you don't even know me?
BROWN: And so how do you set out to talk to a Klansman? What is it that you say? How does that conversation begin?
DAVIS: Well, the best thing, you know, that you do is you study up on the subject as much as you can. And I went in armed not with a weapon, but with knowledge. I knew as much about the Klan, if not more, than many of the Klan people that I interviewed. When they see that you know about their organization, their belief system, they respect you. Whether they like you or not, they respect the fact that you've done your homework.
BROWN: So the light bulb goes off. And do you see it?
DAVIS: Yeah, you see it.
BROWN: And does that - is that your chance to go in and...
DAVIS: Well, you know, I mean, it's just like any good salesman. You know, you want a return visit. And they recognize that, you know, I'd done my homework, which allowed me to come back again and again and again. That began to chip away at their ideology because when two enemies are talking, they're not fighting. It's when the talking ceases that the ground becomes fertile for violence.
And if you spend five minutes with your worst enemy - and it doesn't have to be about race. It could be about anything - abortion, the war in Iraq, global warming, the presidency, any hot topic. You will find that you both have something in common. As you build upon those commonalities, you are forming a relationship. As you build upon that relationship, you're forming a friendship. And that's what would happen. I didn't convert anybody. They saw the light and converted themselves.
BROWN: When you talk to the Klansmen and you have that open-ended question, you know, how can you hate me when you don't even know me, I take it that you asked them that specifically, right? How did they take it?
DAVIS: Initially, they feel that if you're not white, you are inferior. Black people have smaller brains. We're incapable of higher achievement.
BROWN: Did they actually say that they think you had a small brain, that...
DAVIS: Yeah, I've heard that before. Look. I'll give you an example of one. This guy, he was an Exalted Cyclops sitting in my car, in my passenger seat.
BROWN: How did he get in your car?
DAVIS: I invited him.
DAVIS: He made the statement, which I'd heard before. He said, well, we all know that all black people have within them a gene that makes them violent. I turn to him. You know, I'm driving. And I said, wait a minute. I'm as black as anybody you've ever seen. I have never done a carjacking or a drive-by. How do you explain that? He didn't even pause to think about it. He said, your gene is latent, it hasn't come out yet. So how do you argue with somebody who is that far out in left field?
I was dumbfounded. I'm just driving along. He's sitting over here all smug and secure, like, see, you have no response. And I thought about it for a minute. And then I used his point of reference. I said, well, we know - we all know, you know, that all white people have a gene within them that makes them a serial killer. And he says, what do you mean? And I said, well, name me three black serial killers. He thought about it. He could not do it. I said Ted Bundy, Jeffrey Dahmer, Charles Manson, John Wayne Gacy.
BROWN: All white.
DAVIS: All white. I said, son, you are a serial killer. He says, Daryl, I've never killed anybody. I said, your gene is latent. It hasn't come out yet. He goes, well, that's stupid. I said, well, duh, you're right. What I said was stupid, but no more stupid than what you said about me. And he got very, very quiet. And then he changed the subject. Five months later, based on that conversation, he left the Klan. His robe was the first robe I ever got.
BROWN: Daryl Davis is a blues musician, an author and responsible for reducing the ranks of the Ku Klux Klan by hundreds. Daryl, thank you for sharing your story. And I hope we can come together.
DAVIS: Thank you for having me. I appreciate it.
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