STEVE INSKEEP, Host:
NPR's Brian Naylor has seen many Congresses come and go, and he turns his eye on this one.
BRIAN NAYLOR: The first day of a new Congress is a little bit like the first day back at school. And at times yesterday the Capitol seemed like one as the children of lawmakers and their families filled the hallways on a day packed with ceremony and change. In the House, the new minority leader, John Boehner of Ohio, acknowledged the change about to occur.
JOHN BOEHNER: This is the people's House. This is the people's Congress. And most people in America don't care who controls it. What they want is a government that is limited, honest, accountable and responsive to their needs. And the moment a majority forgets this lesson, it begins writing itself a ticket to minority status.
NAYLOR: And then Boehner graciously initiated the moment Democrats had waited 12 years for.
BOEHNER: It's now my privilege to present the gavel of the United States House of Representatives to the first woman speaker in our history - the gentle lady from California, Nancy Pelosi.
(SOUNDBITE OF CHEERING)
NAYLOR: And Pelosi, beaming, took the ivory-covered gavel and held it over her head like a trophy.
NANCY PELOSI: I accept this gavel in the spirit of partnership, not partisanship. And I....
NAYLOR: The 66-year-old Pelosi, now the highest-ranking elected woman in the country, said it was a historic day for America.
PELOSI: For our daughters and our granddaughters, today we have broken the marble ceiling.
(SOUNDBITE OF APPLAUSE)
PELOSI: For our daughters and our granddaughters, now, the sky is the limit. Anything is possible for them.
(SOUNDBITE OF APPLAUSE)
NAYLOR: Meanwhile, across the Capitol, changes, though more subtle, were underway as well, as Vice President Cheney administered the oath of office to newly-elected senators.
DICK CHENEY: Please raise your right hand. Do you solemnly swear that you will...
NAYLOR: The new majority leader, Harry Reid, acknowledged Democrats and Republicans will need to work together to get anything done.
HARRY REID: We've found that a one-party town simply doesn't work. We know from experience that majorities come and they go. Majorities are very fragile. And majorities must work with minorities to make that lasting change.
NAYLOR: But by and large, it was a day for ceremony. Speaker Pelosi officiated over dozens of mock swearing-ins, as lawmakers posed with her for the newspapers and TV stations back home. None of those were more fraught with meaning or better- attended than that for Keith Ellison, the newly-elected Democrat from Minnesota and the first Muslim member of Congress, who posed with his hand on the Koran - one that belonged to Thomas Jefferson.
(SOUNDBITE OF MANY PEOPLE SPEAKING)
NAYLOR: Brian Naylor, NPR News, the Capitol.
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