Behind The Scenes Of 'Frozen 2' With Disney's Jennifer Lee Her credits include Frozen, Wreck-It Ralph and Zootopia. Now, Jennifer Lee is the first female chief creative officer of Walt Disney Animation Studios — oh, and she co-directed the Frozen sequel.

Disney Animation Chief Jennifer Lee Is The Queen Behind Elsa And Anna

  • Download
  • <iframe src="" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript


Just when you thought you had pushed it out of your consciousness, it's back.


IDINA MENZEL: (Singing) Let it go. Let it go - can't hold it back anymore. Let it go...

MARTIN: That, of course, is the theme song from "Frozen." The movie was a massive hit. The Disney film long held the crown as the highest-grossing animated movie worldwide. "Frozen" was written in co-directed by Jennifer Lee, who has since been named Walt Disney Animation Studios' chief creative officer, the first woman to hold such a position. During the making of "Frozen II," NPR's Elizabeth Blair spent some time with her.

ELIZABETH BLAIR, BYLINE: In "Frozen II," water, air, fire and earth are important to the story - so is the wind. In the movie, the characters call her Gale. Sometimes she's playful...


BLAIR: ...And sometimes she's angry.


JENNIFER LEE: It was earlier, it was - can we play it a little louder...

BLAIR: In a windowless room at the Disney Animation Studios in Burbank, supervising sound editor Odin Benitez plays the different wind sounds for a group of people working on the film, including Jennifer Lee and her co-director Chris Buck.

CHRIS BUCK: Yeah, 'cause she'd blast that tree limb away from Anna. That's when Gale goes zhoop (ph).

LEE: You're the magic.

BUCK: And Gale starts to go around Elsa and then spits the others out.

BLAIR: This kind of collaboration goes on for just about every aspect of an animated Disney movie, says Jennifer Lee.

LEE: And you go shot by shot, moment by moment, frame by frame and discuss everything from the emotion to the effects to the camera.

BLAIR: The first "Frozen" was inspired by Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tale "The Snow Queen." One of the heroines, Elsa, has magical powers. She can make ice and snow in a split second. For inspiration for the new movie, Lee and a team from Disney traveled to Norway, Finland and Iceland.

LEE: When we stood on a glacier for the first time, it really hit us - what would Elsa feel standing here? It's a glacier. It's a thousand feet deep. It's a thousand years old. It's of nature completely and something she would probably be so connected to. And we realized sort of the mythic realm of her power. That opened up the story to be something even bigger for us.

BLAIR: That something begins as a secret siren that calls to Elsa.


MENZEL: (Singing, as Elsa) I can hear you, but I won't. Some look for trouble while others don't.

BLAIR: Pretty soon, Elsa decides to go in search of the secret siren on her own. Her sister Anna wants to go with her.


KRISTEN BELL: (As Anna) You are not going alone.

MENZEL: (As Elsa) Anna, no. I have my powers to protect me. You don't.

BELL: (As Anna) Excuse me. I climbed the North Mountain, survived a frozen heart and saved you from my ex-boyfriend. And I did it all without powers. So, you know, I'm coming.

BLAIR: Storytelling is serious business at Disney. Teams of writers and directors not only work on their own movies but also lend a fresh set of eyes and ears on other movies in development. This kind of peer-review process is not for everyone, says Clark Spencer, president of Disney Animation. But he says when Jennifer Lee first came to Disney in 2011 as a freelance writer, she dove right in.

CLARK SPENCER: She just accepted that the story team is in there trying to help build this story. And you got to keep that vision but listen to the ideas and figure out - what is really behind those ideas? How is that going to help propel the character forward? And where do I push back? And where do I actually listen and figure out how I am going to alter where I see the story at this point in time? And so I think that piece of it made the entire studio just fall in love with her.

BLAIR: Lee was on the team that made "Wreck-It Ralph" and "Zootopia," a socially conscious children's movie about unconscious bias.


GINNIFER GOODWIN: (As Judy Hopps) I mean, it's not like a bunny could go savage.

JASON BATEMAN: (As Nick Wilde) Right. But a fox could, huh?

GOODWIN: (As Judy Hopps) Nick, stop it. You're like them.

BATEMAN: (As Nick Wilde) Oh, there's a them now.

GOODWIN: (As Judy Hopps) You know what I mean. You're not that kind of predator.

BATEMAN: (As Nick Wilde) The kind that needs to be muzzled?

BLAIR: "Zootopia" won an Oscar and became Disney Animation Studios' second movie to cross the billion-dollar mark at the global box office. The first was "Frozen."


KATIE LOPEZ: (Singing) Do you want to build a snowman or ride our bike around the halls?

BLAIR: "Frozen" won two Oscars. Jennifer Lee walked the red carpet with her sister. The movie spawned a cottage industry of other products - a best-selling soundtrack, a Broadway show, a ridiculous amount of merchandise, fan videos and children performing the songs in talent shows around the world.


UNIDENTIFIED SINGER: (Singing in foreign language).

BLAIR: When making the new movie, Jennifer Lee said she tried not to think too much about disappointing the deep well of "Frozen" fandom.

LEE: Well, I think if you try to think about it, it's overwhelming and it doesn't - you almost can't process it.

BLAIR: Lee has had a lot to process. She watched someone she respected, John Lasseter, get forced out of Disney over allegations of sexual misconduct. Lee says Lasseter was instrumental in putting her on the team that made "Frozen." He executive produced movies she worked on. Lasseter's legacy at Disney is complicated. There had been rumors of his misconduct, but he was also considered a visionary.

LEE: It's an adjustment. It's all overwhelming at times. But we have all these films that needed to move forward. And what we all did - which became a model for me - is we got together. And we all sat as directors and as producers and said, what do we see for the studio? What are the things we need to do going forward? What we try to say all the time is - the work, that's what you go to. Go to the work.

BLAIR: When Lee was named Disney Animation's new chief creative officer, Walt Disney Studios Chairman Alan Horn said with "Frozen," she brought a new and exciting perspective to the company. Lee thinks some of her mental toughness comes from being raised by a single mom, a nurse who worked three jobs. Lee remembers being bullied and taking comfort in stories. One of her favorites was "Cinderella."

LEE: I think the biggest thing for me was her being mistreated so much but being able to say - it's not you, it's them - and hold on to her strength.


BETTY LOU GERSON: (As Narrator) Cinderella remained ever gentle and kind, for with each dawn she found new hope that someday her dreams of happiness would come true.

LEE: Fairy tales for kids is we're going to take you a little bit into scary places that you - and notions of things that you are uncomfortable with to help you cope in real life. But we're always going to bring you back to a safe place.

BLAIR: Jennifer Lee says she wants Disney Animation to push the art form forward and create new stories and characters that speak to the world today.

Elizabeth Blair, NPR News.


Copyright © 2019 NPR. All rights reserved. Visit our website terms of use and permissions pages at for further information.

NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by an NPR contractor. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Accuracy and availability may vary. The authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio record.