For Pence, Impeachment Inquiry Will Test A Political Path Shaped By Faith As Vice President Pence's role in the Ukraine story comes under increased scrutiny, how might his biography inform how he navigates the crisis in the White House?

For Pence, Impeachment Inquiry Will Test A Political Path Shaped By Faith

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RACHEL MARTIN, BYLINE: Mike Pence is living in his own world, at least one that is separate from the political crisis that has engulfed the man he works for. Two tweets say it all. Wednesday afternoon, the vice president's Twitter feed showed a photo of him visiting with school kids in Wisconsin. The caption - so awesome meeting some amazing young Americans. At roughly the same time, President Trump tweeted this - quote, "I want nothing. I want nothing. I want no quid pro quo." He continues, "This witch hunt must end now. So bad for our country."

Up until now, Vice President Pence has managed to keep his name out of the center of the impeachment inquiry until Ambassador Gordon Sondland's public testimony, when he described a conversation he had with the vice president in Warsaw ahead of Pence's meeting with Ukraine's leader.


GORDON SONDLAND: I mentioned to Vice President Pence before the meetings with the Ukrainians that I had concerns that the delay in aid had become tied to the issue of investigations.

MARTIN: This was the first time during the impeachment hearing that a witness connected Mike Pence to a possible quid pro quo. It forced the vice president to respond. Here he is on a local news affiliate in Wisconsin, WISN.


VICE PRESIDENT MIKE PENCE: I made no comments in my meeting with President Zelenskiy concerning any investigations or tying investigations to U.S. aid to Ukraine, and I have no recollection of any discussion with Ambassador Sondland before that meeting.

MARTIN: So how did Mike Pence end up here? Who is the man that now finds himself defending the president he serves through an impeachment inquiry and defending himself?

TOM LOBIANCO: If you really want to understand him, read his college thesis from 1980. It is fascinating. "The Religious Expressions Of Abraham Lincoln." I fell over. It was incredible.

MARTIN: Tom LoBianco covered Pence as a reporter in Indiana. His recent biography is titled "Piety & Power: Mike Pence And The Taking Of The White House." LoBianco got a copy of Pence's thesis from Hanover College in Indiana.

LOBIANCO: It's all about Abraham Lincoln's ambivalence towards organized religion, his own agnosticism and how that played to his own political peril in his career. And this is senior Mike Pence. This is - what? - he's 21 years old - senior in college. And I'm reading this, and I'm like, this is - I'm thinking, this isn't about Abe Lincoln. This is about Mike Pence. You can see him reasoning through the political calculus with the faith calculus. It is stunning.

MARTIN: Stunning because it shows how, from an early age, Mike Pence understood how politics and religion work together.


LARRY NORMAN: (Singing) I want the people to know that he saved my soul, but I still like to listen to the radio. This say rock 'n' roll is wrong. We'll give you one more chance. I say, I feel so good. I got to get up and dance.

MARTIN: What you're hearing right now was the soundtrack to Mike Pence's salvation. He grew up in a conservative Catholic family, sort of just going through the motions of his faith, and then he went to a music festival in Kentucky. What you're hearing now is music from one of the bands that performed there. And this is where Mike Pence says he found Jesus.


PENCE: And I heard lots of great singing. And I heard lots of wonderful preaching. And Saturday night, sitting in a light rain, I walked down and not, you know, not out of anything other than my heart really finally broke with the deep realization that what had happened on the cross, in some infinitesimal way, had happened for me, and I gave my life and made a personal decision...


PENCE: ...To trust Jesus Christ as my savior.

MARTIN: This is a turning point in Pence's religious evolution. His political career, though, was less linear. He ran for Congress twice in 1988 and 1990. He loses both times. Then he decides to try his hand at something else.


PENCE: Give me a shout. Open Phone Friday on "The Mike Pence Show."

MARTIN: A daily talk radio show.


PENCE: I am always jazzed because we have an opportunity to play catch up with you, the listeners of this broadcast, on topics that we covered over the course of the week.

MARTIN: Journalist Tom LoBianco says the radio show was about more than just getting Pence's name out there.

LOBIANCO: I think people take the wrong lesson from that when they say that, oh, he built his name ID. That's what you need to win. I think you're missing the bigger point, which is, this is where he gets his antenna from.

MARTIN: And his political antenna point him to the kinds of cultural and social issues that revved up a religious audience. And then you remember that senior thesis about Abraham Lincoln and how he learned to use religion as a political tool, and you start to understand how Mike Pence starts to find his political niche.


PENCE: The problem here was a discomfort with adultery, and does that trouble anybody else? Give me a call on this at 800-603-MIKE. I mean, it - is adultery no longer a big deal in Indiana and in America?

MARTIN: Pence finally wins that congressional seat in the year 2000. Then, in 2013, he becomes the governor of Indiana. LoBianco says it was not a good fit.

LOBIANCO: He didn't like being governor. As a manager, he was not good at it. And this is where he got himself into trouble in that time. He was detached, and he spent too much time fundraising for his own long-term presidential goals and not enough time being in the job and living the role of governor.

MARTIN: Which is why LoBianco says the battle over a controversial religious liberty law in Indiana caught Pence off guard. The Religious Freedom Restoration Act led some national companies to boycott the state. Here's Pence with ABC's George Stephanopoulos on March 29, 2015.


GEORGE STEPHANOPOULOS: Yes or no? If a florist in Indiana refuses to serve a gay couple at their wedding, is that legal now in Indiana?

PENCE: George, this is where this debate has gone, with misinformation and frankly...

STEPHANOPOULOS: It's just a question, sir. Yes or no? Well...

JIM ATTERHOLT: He really was stunned by it all.

MARTIN: This is Jim Atterholt. He was Pence's chief of staff back then. Atterholt says, after that law was amended, Pence met directly with members of the LGBT community.

ATTERHOLT: He began to meet and establish relationships with folks that just weren't regularly in our office. And maybe they should have been more regular in our office.

MARTIN: So he did a lot of talking, but Mike Pence never changed his mind about the core issues that are often used as a litmus test in conservative circles. He still believes marriage should happen only between a man and a woman and that abortion is wrong.

ATTERHOLT: He likes to say, I'm a conservative, but I'm not angry about it. He loves talking to people that disagree with him and listening. And you'll never hear him say an unkind word. You'll never hear him react in a way that's unkind.

MARTIN: But that does stand in contrast to the style of the president of the United States, with whom he serves.

ATTERHOLT: Well - but again, his purpose as vice president is to be a partner and to provide godly counsel, to be prayerful and to give him the best counsel he can and to also be ready - and God forbid something were to happen. And he is a very loyal person. And he understands that everyone's flawed in different ways, and he's very forgiving of those flaws.

MARTIN: And vice presidential candidate Mike Pence was even able to forgive this.


PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: I don't even wait. And when you're a star, they let you do it. You can do anything.

BILLY BUSH: Whatever you want.

TRUMP: Grab 'em by the [expletive].

BUSH: (Laughter).

TRUMP: You can do anything.

MARTIN: This is what Jim Atterholt said about the "Access Hollywood" tape.

ATTERHOLT: He - was he pleased about that? Of course not. But at the same time, he's a very loyal person, and he wasn't going anywhere. I mean, that's - he'd made a pledge. He'd made a promise, and he was going to keep that promise.

MARTIN: Did it make sense to you, as someone who knew him well, that he he joined the ticket?

ATTERHOLT: It made complete sense to me because then-Governor Mike Pence and, currently, Vice President Pence sees public service as a calling. And when that invitation came for him to be considered, he prayed about it. And he thought about it and talked to a lot of people. But really, in his heart, he said whatever happens, happens. There - if that's how I'm to be used, if that's how I can best help our country, I'm willing to do that. He sees it as a calling.


DAVID HUGHES: I'm a little bit nervous right now.


HUGHES: Because you are the vice president of the United States of America. Wow.


HUGHES: Thank you for honoring us.

MARTIN: A couple months after the inauguration, Vice President Pence appeared on stage with David Hughes, the lead pastor of Church by the Glades, an evangelical megachurch in South Florida. And without mentioning Donald Trump's name, Pastor Hughes makes it clear that some of Pence's most loyal supporters were still coming to grips with the vicious GOP primary and Pence's new partnership with Donald J. Trump.


HUGHES: And I thought you did a brilliant job having respectful discourse...


HUGHES: ...With people who politically had different points of views. So what - how would you guide us? How can the church help bring unity to a country where convictions are so polarized?

MARTIN: The vice president doesn't miss a beat. You get the sense, when you watch this exchange, that Pence is hearing between the lines. It's as if he knows the words, the name not spoken, and he just says it out loud. Again, the question is, how can this church help bring unity to the country? And this is how Mike Pence answers.


PENCE: Well, I honestly think that - number one, I'm very humbled by your comments. And it's just the greatest privilege of my life to be vice president to President Donald Trump.

MARTIN: Mike Pence knows why he was put on the ticket in the first place. He knows how important moments like this are to keeping the evangelical vote in Trump's column. This is the calling. This is the work.


PENCE: You know, for me, it - what the president really personifies is, I think, the pathway forward here. He's got broad shoulders, but he's got a big heart. I tell people, sometimes, you know, he's bigger than life, you know, always memorable, charismatic. And then there's me, you know.


PENCE: It's like - it's like I guess he wanted to balance the ticket, you know.

MARTIN: Pence goes on to some talking points about how Donald Trump will be a unifier. And then he walks through the door that's been opened in this conversation, and he separates himself from the man he works for.


PENCE: You know, for me, for my house, it all really does come down to just wanting to treat others the way you want to be treated.

MARTIN: It's a small reminder that, yes, he has been called to serve, and he will. But he is not Donald J. Trump. He is Michael Richard Pence, a man with his own ambitions. And if he can move past the impeachment inquiry, if he can defend this president but keep his distance, he could find his own path to the White House.

The vice president keeps a Bible verse on the mantle of his home. It's Jeremiah Chapter 29, Verse 11. And it reads, for I know the plans I have for you, plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future.

But as the impeachment inquiry draws Pence further inside, the calling for him now, the work, is to survive the present.

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