Opinion: Why You Should Think About Uighurs The Next Time You Put On Shoes NPR's Scott Simon explains what China's treatment of Muslim Uighurs has to do with American consumers.

Opinion: Why You Should Think About Uighurs The Next Time You Put On Shoes

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The forced imprisonment of more than a million Muslim Uighurs in detention camps in the Xinjiang region of western China may make Americans feel outrage and sadness, but many may just shrug and ask, what does that have to do with me?

Look down at your shoes. Ninety-nine percent of the shoes sold in America are made overseas, with China the largest manufacturer by far. Nike, Naturalizer, Dr. Scholl's, Hush Puppies, Keds and many other American companies make shoes in China, where the costs of production are far less. Or look at any shirt, socks or pair of pants you might pull on today. China is the largest exporter of clothing textiles to the United States. The Levi jeans you might wear with all-American-looking brass rivets may well have been made in China. In fact, more than 80% of the cotton used in Chinese products is grown in Xinjiang.

The United States has put sanctions on 28 Chinese companies in Xinjiang for using forced labor, but U.S. companies find easy loopholes to continue to do business there.

Most of the toys for sale this holiday season are made in China, including Barbie, that American icon. Melissa & Doug's wholesome wooden learning toys are designed in Connecticut but mostly made in China. American Girl dolls - Blaire, Luciana, Julie, Kaya and Felicity, in their authentically detailed historical American wardrobes - are made in China. So are so many of our phones and laptops, dishware, chairs, batteries and other items of everyday life in America.

This can be good. The products are often well-made and well-priced. The trade between the countries gives America and China a stake in each other's success.

But the nation that is our largest trading partner, which helps Americans live better, has more than a million people in reeducation camps and is now reportedly destroying mosques in Xinjiang. The Chinese government imprisons dissidents, including writers, reporters, human rights campaigners, women's advocates and religious groups and runs a surveillance state that represses opposition.

Would Americans be willing to pay more or use billions of dollars in trade to bargain for more human rights for the Chinese people who provide Americans with so much? What does it have to do with us? Look down at our shoes, our phones and our toys.


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