SCOTT SIMON, HOST:
After Kirk Douglas produced and starred in "Spartacus" in 1960, which won four Oscars and was the biggest moneymaker of the year, he could probably get Hollywood to finance almost any film he wanted to make - another epic like "Spartacus," an adventure, like "20,000 Leagues Under The Sea," a scorching star vehicle like "Lust For Life." What Kirk Douglas chose to do was a small-scale film, black-and-white, not widescreen technicolor, drawn from Edward Abbey's novel "The Brave Cowboy" - was not a cowboy film with shootouts and sagebrush. The story of Jack Burns, a free spirit with a spirited horse but no fixed address tries to survive as a cowboy in the modern American West of superhighways and fenced-in prairies. Have you ever noticed how many fences there getting to be? Jack Burns asked an old girlfriend. And the signs they got on him? No hunting no hiking, no admission, no trespassing. Private property closed areas. Start moving. Go away. Get lost. Drop dead.
Jack starts a bar brawl with a one-armed man to get arrested and thrown into a small-town jail, where he wants to help an old friend break out. His friend has been jailed for helping undocumented immigrants, but he refuses the offer. He has a family. He wants to serve his time and rejoin his wife and son. Jack Burns says he can't live behind bars and walls, so he breaks out on his own, saddles his horse Whiskey and breaks for the border as marshals and helicopters chase after a lone cowboy on foot leading his horse through steep mountains and bristling timber.
Kirk Douglas asked Dalton Trumbo to write the film, which the studio retitled "Lonely Are The Brave." Trumbo was on the Hollywood blacklist, writing under pseudonyms. But Kirk Douglas insisted on giving him a screen credit with his real name for "Spartacus" - the story of a brave man who leads an uprising. It brought down the blacklist.
"Lonely Are The Brave" was not a box office success when released in 1962, but the film's fame has grown. Kirk Douglas often called it his favorite. When Kirk Douglas died this week at the age of 103, I looked up the telegram Dalton Trumbo sent him when he first screened the film. His words may be the best kind of praise to mark an actor's career. He wrote, I think they're going to leave the theater saying, this is what I really am or at least it is what I want to be in my finest hour. You did it. You showed the heart of a man.
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