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It's likely no other actor has been more identified with larger-than-life heroic and historical characters than Charlton Heston, who died at the age of 84 last night. Heston was also a conservative political activist. One of his most visible and commanding roles in the second part of the actor's career was at the helm of the National Rifle Association.
He announced that he was suffering Alzheimer's disease in 2002. Reporter Gloria Hillard has a look back on his life.
GLORIA HILLARD: Charlton Heston once commented that thanks to a broken nose from a high school football injury, he had a face that belonged to another century. When director Cecil B. DeMille was casting "The Ten Commandments," someone pointed out to him that the tall actor bore a striking resemblance to Michelangelo's statue of Moses.
(Soundbite of movie "The Ten Commandments")
Mr. CHARLTON HESTON (Late Actor): (as Moses) Ten times you have seen the miracles of the Lord and still you have no faith.
Unidentified Woman: (Unintelligible) to Moses.
(Soundbite of music)
HILLARD: In an acting career that spanned more than five decades and close to 80 films, Heston will be forever linked with the character he portrayed in the 1956 biblical spectacle.
In 1990, Heston talked with NPR's Terry Gross about the most famous scene from the film — the parting of the Red Sea.
(Soundbite of movie, "The Ten Commandments")
Mr. HESTON: (as Moses) Fear not, stand still and see the salvation of the Lord.
(Soundbite of music)
Mr. HESTON: You need the stick. Obviously, those scenes are what English actors call NAR — no acting required. If you stand in front of 8,000 people in the Egyptian desert and lift up a stick and say, bear us out of Egypt, O Lord, as an eagle bears its young upon its wings, you don't need to act that. The scene does it for you.
HILLARD: As commanding as his performance was in the role of Moses, it did not win Heston an Oscar - that would come three years later in William Wyler's epic "Ben-Hur." The film won 11 Academy Awards, including the best actor nod for Heston, who did his own stunts in the film's famed chariot races.
(Soundbite of movie "Ben-Hur")
HILLARD: Although Heston is known primarily as a motion picture actor, he had a great love for the stage. He began acting in high school and then landed a scholarship to Northwestern University. There, he met and married a fellow drama student, Lydia Clarke, his wife of more than 60 years. Together they raised two children.
Heston once said he had done almost every kind of film except a musical - from heroic films to science fiction to a spate of disaster films in the 1970s. But one of the actor's favorite roles was portraying a lone cowboy in the little-known 1968 film "Will Penny."
(Soundbite of movie, "Will Penny")
Unidentified Man: What's your whole name, Will?
Mr. HESTON: (as Will Penny) Penny - Will Penny.
Unidentified Man: You got any family?
Mr. HESTON: (as Will Penny) No.
Unidentified Man: Got any job to go to?
Mr. HESTON: (as Will Penny) This time of year, you know better than that answer.
HILLARD: The small western was overshadowed that same year by his role in The Planet of the Apes.
(Soundbite of movie, "The Planet of the Apes")
Mr. HESTON: (as George Taylor) According to Dr. Heslan's theory of time and a vehicle traveling nearly the speed of light, the Earth has aged nearly 700 years since we left it. But we've aged hardly at all.
HILLARD: Heston said he liked the unconventional script and was more than a little surprised by the film's success.
Mr. HESTON: It was a strenuous undertaking, but it's a good film and I'm very glad I made it, since in effect it started a whole genre.
HILLARD: Heston was to become famous on the political stage as well. He marched for civil rights with Martin Luther King in 1963, and two years later was elected president of the Screen Actors Guild. Once a liberal Democrat, Heston would soon become known for his conservative activism, campaigning for Republican candidates.
In 1998, he was elected president of the National Rifle Association, committing his distinct voice and presence as head of the nation's powerful gun lobby.
Mr. HESTON: Those wise old dead white guys that invented this country knew what they were talking about.
HILLARD: But the line that would become more famous perhaps than any of his dramatic scripted ones was first delivered at a packed NRA convention, with a rifle raised high above his head.
Mr. HESTON: From my cold, dead hands…
(Soundbite of applause)
HILLARD: In 2002, Heston was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. He made the announcement of his condition through a prerecorded message.
Mr. HESTON: If you see a little less spring in my step, if your name fails to leap to my lips, you'll know why. And if I tell you a funny story for the second time, please laugh anyway.
HILLARD: Heston ended his farewell speech with a passage from Shakespeare's "The Tempest," as he often said that first, he was an actor.
For NPR News, I'm Gloria Hillard.
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