MELISSA BLOCK, host:
From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Melissa Block.
ROBERT SIEGEL, host:
And I'm Robert Siegel.
The political fight over funding the war in Iraq is where we're going to begin this hour, and there is no doubt about what's going to take place tomorrow. President Bush will receive a bill funding the war from Congress. It contains a timetable for a troop withdrawal and as he has said for weeks and weeks he will veto it. But that's just the beginning. Today, both congressional Democrats and Mr. Bush indicated that they are willing to work with each other.
We'll hear what the president had to say in a few minutes. First, to a leading anti-war Democrat.
BLOCK: We're joined by Congressman John Murtha, Democrat of Pennsylvania. He's chair of the House Defense Appropriations Subcommittee, and was one of the first members of Congress to start calling for the speedy withdrawal of troops from Iraq. That was back in November of 2005. Congressman Murtha, welcome to the program.
Representative JOHN MURTHA (Democrat, Pennsylvania; Chairman, House Defense Appropriations Subcommittee): Nice to be here, Melissa.
BLOCK: You are sending this week the president a bill that he has vowed to veto. Where do you think this goes from here assuming that a timetable is out? What kind of compromise will Democrats be willing to make?
Rep. MURTHA: Well, we're working on a number of different versions of what we could send. I'm recommending and I don't know if that will be accepted by the leadership, but I'm recommending a two-month window so we can look at it again in two months. The leadership is going to meet with the White House, with the president on Wednesday and they'll make a decision about whether if there's any possible compromise. We've compromised already on two things so it's time for the president to step up and make some compromises.
BLOCK: When you mentioned the two-month window, you're talking about funding the war for two months and then reevaluating after that?
Rep. MURTHA: Yeah, we'd fund operation and maintenance and personnel costs, particularly for a two-month period. The other things we'd fund for the whole year - the health care, the vehicles that they need for it to resist the IEDs, we'd fund for the whole year. We'd take care of the Walter Reed problem and some of those things for the whole year.
BLOCK: Let's talk about the notion of including benchmarks with penalties in this bill. You know that yesterday Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said the president would not accept a bill if it included benchmarks that would punish the Iraqi government if they didn't meet them on things like sharing oil wealth, sharing political power. She says that would tie the hands of the generals and the ambassador who need which she called flexibility and creativity to make progress there. What do you think of that argument?
Rep. MURTHA: Well, I like the new ambassador. Crocker is an outstanding ambassador. But I have a great concern about the Iraqi government. Every time they say they're going to do something, for instance, what we're talking about is a change in the way the oil is distributed and that's something they agreed to. Something and change in the constitution to give the Sunnis more flexibility in their constitution which they agreed to.
All of the things that we talked about the Iraqis have already agreed to. And what's happened in the past, if you don't have any teeth in the agreement then they just don't do it and the United States steps in and makes an excuse and puts more and more troops into harm's way.
There's a civil war that's being fought there. The Iraqis have to take responsibility. And until we put teeth in the agreement I don't think they'll accept that responsibility.
BLOCK: Congressman Murtha, is one option here to do nothing when the president vetoes this bill, to not bring another one up and basically not to fund this war?
Rep. MURTHA: We're not going to let that happen. We will pass something and we will hope we'll come up to some compromise the president is willing to accept. He's been intransmutable and the public reaction has been that he is not responding to the compromises that we've offered so he needs to understand we want to do what's right. We want to end this war. We don't want to give them an open-ended commitment and that's what it is. It's been in the past. That's what the people are against.
We want the Iraqis to understand it's not open ended. The American public has spoken in the last election. There's four ways you can influence the president. First of all, there's the polls which didn't influenced him. Second of all, there's an election which should have influenced the president. It's had some influence; he fired the secretary of defense. Third, there's impeachment; and fourth, there's the power of the purse. We're using the power of the purse to negotiate with the president. I hope we'll be able to work out a compromise. We want to work with the president to end this long conflict where our troops are caught in a civil war.
BLOCK: Congressman Murtha, when you include impeachment in that list of four, are you raising that as a realistic possibility as something that could happen here?
Rep. MURTHA: Well, I'm just saying that's one of the options that Congress has on the table. I'm getting more and more calls from the public about impeachment. Realistically, obviously the power of the purse is the most powerful influence that the public has. And we have to exert that influence to our outmost ability.
BLOCK: You're saying you're getting calls from the public on impeachment. Is the call for impeachment anything that you would consider?
Rep. MURTHA: Well, it's just one of the things that we always consider. That's part of the process. We're very careful about that. I've been through two impeachment proceedings. It's a very difficult proceeding that I don't think it's appropriate at this time. But it's one of the things certainly that I always consider.
BLOCK: Congressman Murtha, thanks very much.
Rep. MURTHA: Nice to be on here, Melissa.
BLOCK: That's Congressman John Murtha, Democrat of Pennsylvania.
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